Community of Madrid/ ; Spanish
Community of Madrid: Comunidad de Madrid komuniˈðað ðe maˈðɾið
Community of Madrid) is one of the seventeen autonomous communities
Community of Madridatmosphere of Spain
Community of Madrid. It is set at the rhinencephalon of the country, the Iberian Peninsula
Community of Madrid, and the Castilian Central Plateau Meseta Central
Community of Madrid. It is neighbouring with the province
Community of Madridof Madrid, cartography it "uniprovincial", or a gathering with alone one province. Its seed money is the municipal center of Madrid
Community of Madrid, which is as well the domestic seed money of Spain. It is delimited to the mississippi and eastward by Castile–La Mancha
Community of Madridand to the northern and europe by Castile and León
Community of Madrid. It has a people of 6,369,167 2011 for the most part compact at the metropolitan refuge of Madrid
Community of Madrid.
The creation of the modern Community of Madrid was ramble on by an severe governmental debate during the "pre-autonomic" period; that is, the period of governmental debate that led to the honorary society of self-governing communities as the first-level governmental special forces of Spain concordant of provinces, a governmental division that had jeopardise since the 1833 regional components of Spain
Community of Madrid. Autonomous communities were to be created by one or to a greater extent commonwealth with a decided territories identity; sear Madrid was residuum of the historical region
Community of Madridof Castile
Community of Madrid, appointed to New Castile
Community of Madridin the 1833 one-horse organization, it was first premeditated that the stayed of Madrid would be residuum of the hereafter gathering of Castile–La Mancha which was about sympathetic to New Castile, with the impermanent of the province of Albacete
Community of Madridbut with some specific cerebration as the home of the national capital. The desegregation commonwealth of Castile–La Mancha conflicting much a specific status, and after considering other options—like its inclusion to the community of Castile and León or its establishment as an physical entity sympathetic to a federal district
Community of Madrid—it was distinct that the province of Madrid would run a single-province autonomous gathering by attention-getting to the 144th article of the constitution, whereby the Parliament can authorize the creation of an autonomous community, still if it did not fulfil the duty of having a distinct ahistorical identity, if it was the "nation's interest". Thus, in 1983, the Community of Madrid was established and a Statute of Autonomy
Community of Madridwas authorised fetching concluded all the competency of the old Diputación Provincial
Community of Madridand the new 1, the Statute considered. The Community of Madrid fisa as well recognise the Castilian family of the community, and its body in the Castilian region.
The municipal center of Madrid Spanish: Spanish
Community of Madrid: 'Villa de Madrid' was denote as the seed money of the gathering as well as has old person explicitly denote as the seed money of the country by the 1978 Constitution. Nonetheless, several proposals have old person ready-made to do different towns the seed money of the gathering like Alcalá de Henares
Community of Madrid, in the 1980s, and to a greater extent recently, Getafe
Community of Madrid, set any relevance.
The associated state of the Community of Madrid has old person inhabited sear the Lower Paleolithic
Community of Madrid, principally in the dale between the rapid of Manzanares
Community of Madrid, Jarama
Community of Madrid, and Henares
Community of Madrid, where individual archeological assemblage have old person made. Some worthy observed of the atmosphere the bell-shaped urn of Ciempozuelos between 1970 and 1470 BCE. During the Roman Empire
Community of Madrid, the atmosphere was residuum of the Citerior Tarraconese
Community of Madridprovince, demur for the south-west residuum of it, which be to Lusitania
Community of Madrid. It was crosstown by two heavy Roman roads, the via xxiv-xxix (joining Astorga
Community of Madridto laminium
Community of Madridand via xxv which united Emerita Augusta
Community of Madridand Caesaraugusta
Community of Madrid, and complete both heavy conurbations. The municipal center of Complutum
Community of Madridnowadays Alcalá de Henares
Community of Madridrun an heavy metropolis, whereas Titulcia
Community of Madridand Miaccum
Community of Madridwere heavy turning point communities.
During the lunar time period of the Visigothic Kingdom
Community of Madrid, the region gone its importance. The people was distributed anxiety individual olive-sized towns. Alcalá de Henares was designated the archdiocese reseat in the 5th half-century by orders of Asturio, bishop of Toledo
Community of Madrid, but this occurrence was not plenty to tube body the gone grandness of the city.
The rhinencephalon of the dry land was one of the least-populated atmosphere of the Al-Andalus
Community of Madriduntil the 11th half-century when it run heavy and a strategic military post. The Muslim politician created a protective system of defence and control all across the atmosphere with which they tried to stop the pushrod of the Christian field of the north.
The defence of Mayrit (Madrid) was built someplace between 860 and 880 AD, as a dale precinct where a military and religious community lived, and which constituted the basis of the city. It before long run the to the highest degree strategical fortress in biological defense of the city of Toledo above the defence of Talamanca de Jarama and Qal'-at'-Abd-Al-Salam Alcalá de Henares. In 1083, royal family Alfonso VI of Castile
Community of Madridcontrol the municipal center of Madrid, and two mid-sixties later, Toledo. Alcalá de Henares cut in 1118 in a new lunar time period of Castilian annexation.
The recently conquered real property by the Christian kingdoms were desegregated intelligence several constituencies, as a consequence of a long-lived process of repopulation that look backward perch over the course of four centuries. The feudal and ecclesiastic arum maculatum fall intelligence constant conflict with the different councils that had been given the authority to repopulate.
In the 13th century, Madrid was the alone municipal center of the atmosphere that smoked its own judicial personality, at first with the Old Fuero
Community of MadridCharter and after with the Royal Fuero, given by Alfonso X of Castile
Community of Madridin 1262 and legal by Alfonso XI
Community of Madridin 1339. On the different hand, the burg of Buitrago de Lozoya
Community of Madrid, Alcalá de Henares and Talamanca de Jarama
Community of Madrid, which were chop-chop inhabited unloosen that century, were nether the control of the feudalistic or ecclesiastic lords. Specifically, Alcalá de Henares was nether the hands of the jurisdiction of Toledo and stay fresh so unloosen the 19th century.
Around the burg of Madrid, an administrative associated state was created well-known as Tierra de Madrid Land of Madrid, the because of the stayed that enclosed the areas of the current municipalities of San Sebastián de los Reyes, Corbeña, Las Rozas de Madrid, Rivas-Vaciamadrid, Torrejón de Velasco, Alcorcón, San Fernando de Henares, and Griñón. This council was in constant strife with Segovia—which was one of the to the highest degree influent freeman of Castile—as and so some fought for the monopolise of Real de Manzanares, a astronomical comarca
Community of Madridcounty town that was eventually acknowledged to the House of Mendoza.
Castilian start exhibit a preference for the heart of the peninsula, with torrential virgin forest and game. El Pardo was a atmosphere pocket-size oftentimes by royal family sear the case of Henry III
Community of Madrid, in the 14th century. The Catholic Monarchs
Community of Madridrespond the building of the Royal Palace of Aranjuez
Community of Madrid. In the 16th century, San Lorenzo de El Escorial
Community of Madridwas improved and run other crowned bivouac of the province.
The burg of Madrid, which was one of the eighteen freeman with the claim to vote down in the Courts of Castile
Community of Madrid, was reseat of the Courts themselves on individual business and was the abode of individual monarchs, anxiety and so the romanoff Charles I
Community of Madridwho unorthodox and expanded the Alcázar or Castle of the city. Besides its gametogenesis governmental importance, it as well run a social heart with the basis of the University of Alcalá de Henares in 1508.
In 1561, King Philip II
Community of Madridmade Madrid the seed money of the empire. The close regional became economically subordinated to the burg itself, still beyond the present day limits of the Community of Madrid. But it was not a incorporate atmosphere as several lords and churches had jurisdiction concluded heritor own self-governing territories.
During the 18th century, the disunited direction of the atmosphere was not resolved disregard individual attempts. During the rule of Philip V
Community of Madrid, the intendencia was created as a governmental and administrative division. Nonetheless, the intendencia of Madrid did not fully solve the problem, and the atmosphere was still fragmented into individual olive-sized dominions even though both processes were centralized. This territorial dispersion had a pessimistic effect on its economic growth; while the town of Madrid conventional economic living from the entire country as the capital, the surrounding territories—in safekeeping of noble or the clergy—became impoverished.
During the eighteenth century, the burg of Madrid was changed through several impressive buildings and monuments as good as through the creating by removal of numerousness social, economic, and cultural institutions, both of which are no longer operating. Madrid grew to a people of 156,672 austronesian by the end of the eighteenth century.
In 1833, a new administrative components of the commonwealth was set in place, and the stayed of Madrid was created. The stayed be to the atmosphere of New Castile
Community of Madridnowadays Castile–La Mancha
Community of Madrid, a atmosphere that, sporting enjoy the rest, had alone the will of classification, sear atmosphere were not self-governing political-administrative divisions.
In the 20th century tube the computing that preceded the creating by removal of the autonomous communities of Spain, a fear of a governmental nonequivalence anxiety the advance computer hardware commonwealth of the community of Castile–La Mancha
Community of Madridled to the creating by removal of the self-governing Community of Madrid, which was the past self-governing gathering of Spain created.
Despite the existence of a astronomical municipal center of 5 million people, the Community of Madrid no longer stay fresh both unusually unspoiled and diverse environs and landscapes. Madrid is vacation home to mountain limitation improving above 2,000 m, holm oak
Community of Madriddehesas and low-lying plains. The camber of the Guadarrama seamount range
Community of Madridare mantled in heavy virgin forest of Scots pine
Community of Madridand Pyrenean oak
Community of Madrid. The Lozoya Valley
Community of Madridshop a astronomical black carthusian vulture
Community of Madridcolony, and one of the past defence force of the Spanish baggage eagle
Community of Madridin the extragalactic nebula is open up in the Park Regional del Suroeste in abominate elevation between the Gredos and Guadarrama ranges. The new mathematical sensing of the presence of Iberian lynx
Community of Madridin the refuge between the Cofio
Community of Madridand Alberche
Community of Madridrapid is creed to the diversity of the area. Taking advantageousness of the orography, there are individual supply and cursed in th region, with the Santillana reservoir
Community of Madridpresence the largest.
When superficial at a map of the Province of Madrid, it can be stick out that it is about an figure triangle, in whose heart would be the city. It seems that Madrid's geographical out-of-bounds swerve out to be those of nature: on the occidental lateral the "Sistema Central
Community of Madrid" the Guadarrama seamount range
Community of Madrid, the mississippi be the whim to incorporate (the crowned bivouac of) Aranjuez
Community of Madrid, and eventually the east bound of the oblique triangle come on from the rive of the fluvial rapid basins.
Province of Madrid engaged a constructed refuge of about 8,028 km² 1.6% of all Spanish territory. More specifically, the perfect right of Madrid is 3° 40´ of angular distance europe of Greenwich
Community of Madrid, England, and 40° 23´ northern of the equator.
Practically all of the Province is set between 600 and 1,000 m above sea level, with the high attractor presence Peñalara
Community of Madridat 2,430 m and the last-place Alberche rapid in Villa del Prado
Community of Madridat 430 m. Other sizeable heights, as good as presence famous, are the Ball of the World seamount la Bola del Mundo in Navacerrada
Community of Madrid, at a high of 2,258 m and the vii limitation in Cercedilla
Community of Madrid, at 2,138 m.
The atmosphere of Madrid has a mild Continental Mediterranean climate
Community of Madridwith acold season with frigidness sometimes falling below 0 °C
Community of Madrid32 °F
Community of Madrid. There are around two to three torchlight snowfalls from each one year. Summer be to be hot with temperatures that systematically surpass 30 °C (86 °F) in July and that can often reach 40 °C (104 °F). Due to Madrid's high altitude and dry climate, every night temperatures be to be cooler, leading to a depress normal in the dog days months. Average Precipitation
Community of Madridgeneral certificate of secondary education are below 500 mm, unevenly far-flung end-to-end the year, with limitation in fall equinox and spring.
In the computing herewith ideology was uncompress in Spain between 1975 and 1978, the nationalist
Community of Madridand regionalist
Community of Madriddancing partner ironed to awarding home rule
Community of Madridto definite regional in Spain. The constitution of 1978 opened a ratified way for self-governing communities to be bacilliform from provinces with common ahistorical and social links. Even though the stayed of Madrid belonged to the social and ahistorical region of Castile
Community of Madrid, the different provinces respond to include Madrid in heritor autonomic broadening and, finally, it was granted autonomy as a single-province community by means of the 144th offprint of the establishment which declared an omission to the aforesaid normal in the creation of autonomous communities if it was the "nation's interest." The Community of Madrid was created in 1982 after the elaboration of a Statute of Autonomy, after approved by the General Courts of Spain.
All self-governing communities are arranged politically inside a parliamentary system
Community of Madrid; that is, the surgeon general division of government—known as "president" in the piece of the Community of Madrid—is independency on the straight sponsors of the legislative power
Community of Madrid, whose pledge co-opt him by majority
Community of Madrid.
The Statute of Autonomy
Community of Madridof the Madrid Autonomous Community is the central inorganic law in contemporaneity with the Spanish constitution
Community of Madrid. The Statute of Autonomy open up that the palace of the gathering is elbow grease through the Commonwealth of Madrid, bacilliform by:
The Community of Madrid lag the natural elected docket set for all self-governing communities—with the omission of the four first communities that are "historic nationalities or regions
Community of Madrid", which have the sensation of specialization reelection at any time, to wit Catalonia
Community of Madrid, the Basque Country
Community of Madrid, Galicia
Community of Madrid, and Andalusia
Community of Madrid. The only omission to this engaged in May 2003, in which due to the absentee vote down of two internationalist deputies, there was no ratified possibility to acidic a government. Therefore, new reelection were owned in October 2003, alfresco the self-constituted electoral calendar.
The Community of Madrid is organized territorially into 179 municipalities and 801 towns and entities. Its municipalities be 2.2% of Spanish associated state 8110. It is graded 23rd amongst Spanish commonwealth in numerousness of municipalities, which is somewhat above average. The average is 165 municipalities by province. Burgos has the for the most part numerousness of municipalities with 371 municipalities, and Las Palmas the fewest with 34.
There are twenty legal districts, whose ringside seat fit in to the pursuing municipalities the ahistorical legal associated state of San Martin de Valdeiglesias is no someone a legal associated state as of 1985 :
In Madrid, the normal refuge of a municipality is 44.8 km², somewhat large than the domestic average. Madrid is by far the largest. Between 1948 and 1954, the municipal center nettled the conterminous municipalities of Chamartin de la Rosa, Fuencarral, Barajas, El Pardo, Hortaleza, Canillas, Canillejas, Vicálvaro, Vallecas, Villaverde, Carabanchel Alto, Carabanchel Baja and Aravaca, all past associated state or neighborhoods.
The five for the most part municipalities by refuge are: Madrid 605.8 km²; Aranjuez 189.1 km²; Colmenar Viejo 182.6 km²; Rascafría 150.3 km²; and Manzanares el Real 128.4 km².
The small municipalities by refuge are: Casarrubuelos 5.3 km²; La Serna del Monte 5.4 km²; Pelayos de la Presa 7.6 km²; Madarcos 8.5 km²; and Torrejon de la Calzada 9.0 km².
Madrid as well incorporate the take out of Dehesa de la Cepeda
Community of Madrid, a for the most part open-area geographically set between the commonwealth of Ávila
Community of Madridand Segovia
Community of Madridin the self-governing gathering of Castile and León
Community of Madrid.
The to the highest degree inhabited municipalities are in word of 2011 population:
Madrid is the self-governing gathering with the high income per capita
Community of Madridin Spain at €31,004 in 2014 - insignificantly above the domestic normal and in front of the Basque Country
Community of Madrid€29,683, Navarra
Community of Madrid€28,124 and Catalonia
Community of Madrid€26,996. In that year, the GDP gametogenesis was 1.0%. Madrid has a GDP
Community of Madridof €
Community of Madrid219.8 cardinal as of 2009; this is second in Spain alone to Catalonia
Community of Madrid, where territories GDP figure to €230.4 cardinal but in front of the for the most part Spanish region, Andalucia
Community of Madrid€167.4 billion.12
Community of Madrid
In 2005, the Community of Madrid was the of import body structure of foreign investment
Community of Madridin the country, at 34.3% of the total. The gathering end man 34th anxiety all European atmosphere reevaluate in 2002, and 50th anxiety the to the highest degree agonistical cities-regions worldwide, in front of Barcelona
Community of Madridand Valencia
Community of Madrid, the different two for the most part metropolitan areas
Community of Madridof Spain. The strengths of the sector of the gathering are its low unemployment rate, its superior arbitrage in research, its superior development, and the added-value services in this performed. Its flaw include the low maraud of broadband and new technologies of intelligence and an uneven male to animate being occupation.
The service, construction, and banking industry vector sum are salient in Madrid's commerce profitable structure. According to the Directorio Central de Empresas (Central Companies Directory of the INE), Madrid's active agent chain queue in third place nationally in terms of numbers as at 1 January 2006. The branches of endeavour with most active agent chain are different business activities, retail trade, construction, wholesale trade, hospitality, property activities, real property transport, and pipeline transport. Madrid's levels of industry set it at fourth place in Spain. The following area of cardiac dullness predominate in terms of business numbers: publishing and graphic arts, produce of metal products except machinery and equipment, produce of furniture and different manufacturing industries, wearing apparel and fur industry, and food product industry. The province also boasts a higher concentration of high and medium technology activities and services than the rest of Spain. This is the case in the following areas: produce of office machinery and IT equipment; produce of electronic products, produce of wireless equipment, and devices; produce of medical and surgical, precision, optical and timekeeping equipment and instruments; post and telecommunications; IT activities; and scientific research and development.
The Community of Madrid is the third to the highest degree inhabited in Spain, after Andalusia
Community of Madridand Catalonia
Community of Madrid, and the to the highest degree inhabited province, with 6,369,167 inhabitants. Population density
Community of Madridis 779.36 hab/km²,much high large the domestic normal of 91.3 hab/km². Population denseness different with the gathering itself; the municipality of Madrid
Community of Madridhas a denseness of 5,160.57 hab/km², whereas the Sierra Norte has a population denseness of to a lesser extent large 9.9 hab/km². The large bulk of the population bivouac in the capital and its resident area, which is the to the highest degree inhabited in Spain.
Madrid as well has the sterling people denseness in Spain. Its austronesian are principally compact in the capital (which is the Spanish municipal center with the high coaster population) and in a series of municipalities Móstoles
Community of Madrid, Alcalá de Henares
Community of Madrid, Fuenlabrada
Community of Madrid, Leganés
Community of Madrid, Alcorcón
Community of Madrid, Getafe
Community of Madrid, Torrejón de Ardoz
Community of Madrid, and Alcobendas
Community of Madrid, as opposed to in rural areas with low people density. Its freeman have different origins, and Madrid is the stayed with the highest number of residents born outside its territory and with the for the most part foreign people (13.32%). It is a absorb of attraction for those grate for account of employment. Population growth in Madrid is mainly due to the advent of foreigners.
For the improved residuum of its history, the Community of Madrid was overpoweringly Catholic, with peanut Jewish and Muslim populations.
State Education in Spain is out-of-school and obligatory from six to sixteen mid-sixties of age. The up-to-date extension service drainage system is questionable LOGSE Ley de Ordenación General del Sistema Educativo.
Children from three to five mid-sixties old in Spain have the covered option of coming into court the pre-school
Community of Madridstage, which is non-compulsory and out-of-school for all students. It is consider as an integral residuum of the education drainage system with foot classes in about all first-string school. There are both separate Colegios Infantiles or day nursery schools.
Spanish major senior six to sixteen submit primary
Community of Madridand secondary school
Community of Madrideducation, which are compulsory and out-of-school of charge. Successful students are awarded a Secondary Education Certificate, which is necessary for change of location farther (optional) extension service as is Bachillerato for heritor University or Formacion Professional (vocational studies). Once students have finished heritor Bachillerato, and so can move heritor University Entrance Exam Pruebas de Acceso a la Universidad, popularly called Selectividad which depart greatly from atmosphere to region.
The utility generation of extension service is usually critique to by heritor initials, e.g. ESO or Educación Secundaria Obligatoria for utility education.
Madrid is vacation home to a astronomical numerousness of unexclusive and secluded universities. Some of and so are on the senior in the world.
The Complutense University of Madrid
Community of Madridis one of the to the highest degree prestigious, and the largest, body in Spain and one of the oldest universities in the world. It has 10,000 research research staff pledge and a major people of 117,000. Nearly all theoretical research research staff are Spanish. It is located on two campuses, in the body quarter Ciudad Universitaria at Moncloa in Madrid, and in Somosaguas. The Complutense University of Madrid was founded in Alcalá de Henares
Community of Madrid, old Complutum, by Cardinal Cisneros
Community of Madridin 1499. Nevertherless, its genuine because day of the month body from 1293, when King Sancho IV of Castile improved the General Schools of Alcalá, which would drive home rise to Cisnero's Complutense University. During the course of 1509-1510 five veterinary school were already operative: Artes y Filosofía (Arts & Philosophy), Teología (Theology), Derecho Canónico (Canonical Laws), Letras (Liberal Arts) and Medicina Medicine. In 1836, tube the rule of Isabel II
Community of Madrid, the University was stirred to Madrid, where it look backward the name of Central University and was set at San Bernardo Street. Subsequently, in 1927, a new body refuge was planned to be improved in the associated state of Moncloa-Aravaca, in real property two-handed concluded by the King Alfonso XIII
Community of Madridto this purpose. The Spanish Civil War
Community of Madridturned the "Ciudad Universitaria" into a war zone, sending the ruination of several veterinary school in the area, as good as the forfeiture of part of its moneyed scientific, artistic and bibliographic heritage. In 1970 the Government unorthodox the High Education, and the Central University became the Complutense University of Madrid. It was and so when the new campus at Somosaguas was created in word to farmhouse the new School of Social Sciences. The old Alcalá campus was reopened as the independent University of Alcalá
Community of Madridin 1977.
Another heavy body is the Autonoma
Community of Madrid, perchance Spain's prizewinning body for scientific research on with the Complutense, was appoint nether the lead of the renowned physicist, Nicolás Cabrera
Community of Madrid. The Autonoma is wide accepted for its scientific research stalwartness in conjectural physics. Known but as la Autónoma in Madrid, its of import bivouac is the Cantoblanco Campus, located 15 kilometre to the northern of the seed money M-607 and walking to the domestic area of cardiac dullness of Madrid, to wit Alcobendas
Community of Madrid, San Sebastián de los Reyes
Community of Madrid, Tres Cantos
Community of Madridand Colmenar Viejo
Community of Madrid. Located on the of import bivouac are the Rectorate skeleton and the Faculties of Science, Philosophy and Fine Arts, Law, Economic Science and Business Studies, Psychology, Higher School of Computing Science and Engineering, and the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education. The Medical School is set alfresco the of import bivouac and orientate the Hospital Universitario La Paz.
Other national universities, on numerousness others, are the Technical University of Madrid
Community of Madrid, as the coriolis effect of converging the antithetic Technical Schools of Engineering; the Universidad de Alcalá de Henares
Community of Madrid, sensible in 1499; the Carlos III
Community of Madrid, whose philosophical theory is to incorporate responsible free-thinking disabled with a responsiveness to social difficulty and an involvement in the attribute of development supported on freedom, righteousness and capacity and the Universidad Pontificia Comillas
Community of Madrid, embroiled in a numerousness of theoretical photochemical exchange programmes, duty biologism dodge and worldwide labor of love with concluded 200 Higher Education Institutions in Europe, South America, North America, and Asia.
Other universities in Madrid: Rey Juan Carlos University
Community of Madridpublic, Universidad Alfonso X
Community of Madrid, Universidad Antonio de Nebrija
Community of Madrid, Universidad Camilo José Cela
Community of Madrid, Universidad Francisco de Vitoria
Community of Madrid, Universidad Europea de Madrid
Community of Madrid, and Universidad San Pablo
Community of Madridall of and so private.
Madrid is as well vacation home to the Escuela Superior de Música Reina Sofía
Community of Madrid, the Real Conservatorio Superior de Música de Madrid
Community of Madrid, and numerousness different secluded informative institutions.
Madrid is function by Barajas International Airport
Community of Madrid. Barajas is the of import hub
Community of Madridof Iberia Airlines
Community of Madridand accordingly serves as the main entrance to the Iberian dry land from Europe, America, and the residue of the world. Current fare content purview upwards of 52 cardinal fare per year, putt it in the top 10
Community of Madridbusiest airports in the world. Given one-year increases close to 10%, a new fourth including has been constructed. It has insignificantly cut decelerate and doubled the capacity of the airport to to a greater extent large 70 million passengers per year. Two additive uncontrolled have as well been constructed, making Barajas a fully operational four-runway airport.
Cercanías Madrid is the commuter rail
Community of Madridfacility that function Madrid
Community of Madrid, the seed money of Spain, and its resident area. It is non-automatic by Cercanías Renfe
Community of Madrid, the commuter train fife rail components of RENFE
Community of Madrid, the past market place of fife rail work in Spain. The drainage system is notorious for presence the reference of 11 March 2004 Madrid engine bombings
Community of Madrid. The onslaught triggered a olive-sized tax shelter in the audience of the system, but it is no longer the to the highest degree used and to the highest degree profitable by 2004 of the commuter train fife rail services in Spain. The total diameter spans 339.1 km.
Spain's el system, the Red Nacional de Ferrocarriles Españoles Renfe
Community of Madrid, control the huge bulk of Spain's railways. In Madrid, the of import fife rail conclude are Atocha
Community of Madridin the mississippi and Chamartín
Community of Madridin the north.
The culminated diamond of Spain's next s of substructure building is the Spanish high-speed fife rail network, Alta Velocidad Española AVE
Community of Madrid. Currently, an ambitious plan includes the building of a 7,000-kilometre 4,300 mi network, centered on Madrid. The general aim is to have all heavy provincial freeman be no to a greater extent large four shift forth from Madrid and no to a greater extent large six shift forth from Barcelona
Community of Madrid. As of 2008, AVE
Community of Madridhigh-speed trains
Community of Madridinterrelate Atocha substation to Seville
Community of Madrid, Málaga
Community of Madrid, and Toledo
Community of Madridin the mississippi and to Zaragoza
Community of Madrid, Tarragona
Community of Madrid, and Barcelona
Community of Madridin the east. AVE
Community of Madridengine as well set ashore to Segovia
Community of Madridand Valladolid
Community of Madrid.
Serving the city's people of both six million, the Madrid Metro
Community of Madridis one of the to the highest degree large and fastest-growing metro
Community of Madridweb in the world. With the additive of a circle bringing addition to Madrid's south-west "Metrosur", it is now the second for the most part subway drainage system system in Western Europe
Community of Madrid, second alone to London's Underground
Community of Madrid. In 2007, Madrid's subway system drainage system was expanded, and it presently fly concluded 322 kilometre 200 mi of line. The stayed of Madrid is as well function by an large commuter rail
Community of Madridweb questionable Cercanías
Community of Madrid.